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24365d85ca This shock to the economy occurs as long as there is land speculation, creating an underlying tendency toward inflation and recession late in the growth phase of the business cycle. F. In 1946, economists Arthur F. There were frequent crises in Europe and America in the 19th and first half of the 20th century, specifically the period 18151939. ^ Wells, David A. The first declaration was in the late 1960s, when the Phillips curve was seen as being able to steer the economy. pp. 4 (December 2006): 452465 ^ Cmara Izquierdo, Sergio (2013). Korotayev, Andrey V., & Tsirel, Sergey V.
The History of Econometric Ideas. W. Paul Samuelson's "oscillator model" is supposed to account for business cycles thanks to the multiplier and the accelerator. ^ Samuelson, P. A boom-and-bust cycle is one in which the expansions are rapid and the contractions are steep and severe. Friedman believed that for the most part, excluding very large supply shocks, business declines are more of a monetary phenomenon..  Prior to that point classical economics had either denied the existence of business cycles, blamed them on external factors, notably war, or only studied the long term. Keynesian models do not necessarily imply periodic business cycles.